What is bleeding gums?

What is bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums can be a sign you have or are at risk against gum disease. Ongoing bleeding gums can be caused by serious medical conditions such as leukemia, platelet abnormalities, and bleeding.
Bleeding gums can be a sign you have or are at risk against gum disease. Ongoing bleeding gums can be caused by serious medical conditions such as leukemia, platelet abnormalities, and bleeding.

The main causes of bleeding gums is the buildup of plaque in the lining of the gums. This leads to a condition called gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums.

Plaque that is not lifted it will harden into tartar. This can lead to bleeding and gum disease and more serious jaw called periodontitis.

Other causes of bleeding gums are:

  • Bleeding disorders
  • Brushing your teeth too hard
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy
  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Installation of ill-fitting dentures
  • Cleaning of teeth with dental floss is not appropriate
  • Infections, associated with teeth or gums
  • Leukemia
  • Scurvy
  • Use of blood thinners
  • A deficiency of vitamin K

What are the signs and symptoms of bleeding gums?

It is easy to tell if Your gums have problems, namely with notice any blood from the roots of the teeth, which can be a little red line under the teeth or how serious the blood covering the gums.

Chances are there are signs and symptoms that are not mentioned above. If you have fears of a certain konsultasikanlah symptoms with your doctor.

How to treat bleeding gums?


If you have bleeding gums, you should:
  • Do dental check
  • Avoid the use of tobacco, which aggravates bleeding gums
  • Control the bleeding by giving pressure on the gums with a gauze soaked ice water
  • If you are diagnosed with a vitamin deficiency, consumption of vitamin supplements
  • Avoid aspirin unless medical care provider has recommended it for you
  • If a side effect of the drug is the cause of irritation, ask the doctor to give you other medications. Do not change your medication without your doctor in advance mengonsultasikan
  • Use an oral irrigation device on a low setting to massage gums
  • Visit the dentist in ill-fitting dentures or cause sores on the gums
  • Follow the instructions your dentist to brushing your teeth and clean up with dental floss to avoid injuring the gums.

When should I see a dentist?

You should contact your doctor if you experience the following symptoms:

  • Hemorrhage severe or long-term (chronic)
  • Gums continue to bleed even if after treatment
  • You have symptoms without cause was unclear with the bleeding.
  • If your gums continue to bleed or cause concern, set the meeting schedule with your doctor or dentist. This condition can be a sign of something gone wrong.

How to prevent bleeding gums?

To prevent bleeding gums, you should:

  • Visit your dentist at least every 6 months to remove plaque. Follow the instructions your dentist about home care.
  • You should brush your teeth using a toothbrush with soft downy at least 2 times a day. Best if you can brush your teeth after every meal. The dentist may advise you to gargle with salt water or hydrogen peroxide with water. Do not use mouthwash that contains alcohol, because it can aggravate the problem.
  • Clean up with dental floss twice a day can prevent plaque penumpukkan. You can try a healthy diet and balanced. Avoid snacks between meals and reduce the consumption of carbohydrates.

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